Brake Repair and Maintenance
Brakes are the most important safety component of a properly functioning vehicle.
There are several components in a correctly functioning brake system.
They include the master cylinder, brake fluid, brake lines and hoses, brake calipers, brake caliper sliders pins and hardware, brake pads and/or shoes and last but not least rotors and/or brake drums.
Brakes work by depressing the brake pedal, the master cylinder sends brake fluid through the brake lines and hoses to the calipers which squeeze the brake pads against the rotor to produce friction to stop the vehicle.
Proper inspection of a brake system would be to inspect the brake lining first to make sure that there is plenty of lining on the pad or shoe. Recommended time to change brake lining is at 4/32 or the equivalent of 4 dimes thickness. The minimum thickness for brakes is 2/32”. Checking for low brake lining, or uneven wear. Checking rotors and drums for cracks and rust build up. Checking brake lines and hoses for signs of rust, rot, cuts or bubbles in hoses.
One of the most overlooked maintenance services is brake fluid exchange. It is recommended by most mechanics to exchange the fluid around every 36k miles. Fluid can be contaminated with water or the chemicals which help it resist heat break down making it more likely to experience brake fade.
It is recommended to include a brake inspection as part of your regular vehicle inspection.